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Centriole is a cylindrical cell structure composed mainly of a protein called tubulin that is found in most eukaryotic cells. The centrioles play a major role in cell division. Centrioles replicate during the interphase stage of mitosis and meiosis. Centrioles called basal bodies form cilia and flagella. Most centrioles are made up of nine sets of microtubule triplets, arranged in a cylinder. Centrioles are present in animal cells and the basal region of cilia and flagella in animals and lower plants. In cilia and flagella centrioles are called ‘basal bodies’ but the two can be considered inter-convertible.Centrioles are absent from the cells of higher plants. Centrioles function as a pair in most cells in animals but as a single centriole or basal body in cilia and flagella. In animal cells centrioles organise the pericentriolar material to produce microtubules including mitotic spindle fibres.

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Journal of Cell Signaling, Journal of Cellular & Molecular Pathology, Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro - IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology, Insights in Cell Science, Insights in Stem Cells, International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology, Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, Journal of Cellular Physiology, Molecular and Cellular Proteomics

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