was working with France Telecom R&D as Research engineer (optimisation of telecommunications networks). In 2005 he has been awarded with James Kennedy by IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation for their 2002 paper on Particle Swarm Optimisation. He is now retired but still active in this field: a book in 2005 (translated into English in 2006),
some papers, external examiner for Phd theses, reviewer for seminars and journals (IEEE TEC Best Reviewer Award 2007).
Artificial Intelligence. He is more specifically interested in the problems of memorising, categorisation, and reasoning.