Non-communicable Diseases: The Forthcoming Challenge for Health Systems Worldwide

Philippe Chastonay and Thomas Mattig

Population health requires visionary policies, competent professionals, strong health systems, sound management, community commitment and each individual’s health awareness. This is especially true for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). What are NCDs and why do they represent a major challenge for health systems worldwide? As defined by the World Health Organization, NCDs (noncommunicable diseases) primarily include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic lung disease and diabetes as well as mental illness.