The relationship between systemic statins and calcification of the pulp chamber of molar teeth
28th Annual American Dentistry Congress
March 20-22, 2017 Orlando, USA

Elham Shadmehr

The State University of New York at Buffalo, USA

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Oral Health Dent Manag


Introduction: Statins are widely used as cholesterol-lowering agent. Little is known about unwanted or unexpected oral effects of statins in middle-aged and older adults. A recent retrospective radiographic study indicated that the statins diminished the pulp chamber volume. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the horizontal and vertical changes of the pulp chamber in patients taking statins. Materials & Methods: 30 patients taking statin and 30 healthy volunteers were recruited. At baseline, a digital bitewing image was taken, with a clear view of lower molars. All radiographs were taken using PSP films Size #2, and a XCP bite block. After 12 months, new radiographs were taken. Blinded evaluators measured the pulp chamberā??s horizontal and vertical dimensions of the lower first or second molars and changes in the size for each chamber were calculated. Data were analyzed by SPSS software. Results: Chi-square didnā??t show a significant difference between the groups for gender and age (P>0.10). No significant difference was found in horizontal dimensional changes after 12 months (P>0.10). However, there was a significant difference in vertical dimensional changes after 12 months between groups (P<0.001). Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that there is a correlation between using statins and vertical dimensional changes of pulp chamber (average 0.19 mm).

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