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New sensing method of damage detection of carbon fiber/polypropylene composites via 2 dimensional electrical resistance mapping
13th International Conference on Nanotek & Expo
December 05-07, 2016 Phoenix, USA

Park Joung-Man, Dong-Jun Kwon, Pyeong-Su Shin, Jong-Hyun Kim and Lawrence K DeVries

Gyeongsang National University, South Korea
University of Utah, USA

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Nanomed Nanotechnol


Carbon fibers are used as sensing elements in CFRP due to their electrical conductivity. In some more advanced studies, in CRFP, the carbon fibers were used for both strain sensing and damage sensing. The basic theory, in such studies, was that the movement of carbon fiber could be detected by ER (ER) measurement. This work evaluated the potential use of carbon fiber/polypropylenepolyamide (CF/PP-PA) composites in thermoplastic automobile applications. Two dimensional electrical resistance (2D ER) mapping was used to sense and predict damages. The extent of random dispersion of carbon fibers (CF) in PP-PA matrix was evaluated using 2D ER mapping contour charts. ER data collected at nine different positions was used to evaluate dispersion and micro-damages. The uniformity of dispersion of CF in fractured surfaces was observed for comparison. Pyrolyzed specimens were used to measure CF amount in each part and compared with 2D ER mapping. The differences in ER for tensile and compressive stresses were compared to explore their usage for real time monitoring and sensing of damages. The observation of the fractured surfaces exhibited an acceptable consistency with 2D ER results. Ultimately 2D ER mapping should be useful for evaluating and predicting damages in CF/ PP-PA composites under various loading conditions. This may have some very significant practical importance. It may point the way to use quick easy tests to screen and predict other mechanical failure behaviors for composites of different materials and/or processes. Perhaps a simple 2D ER mapping test might be used to predict and select good candidate materials, surface processing techniques for various high strength composite applications.

Biography :

Park Joung-Man completed his PhD from Washington State University and Post-doctoral from Cornell University. He has published more than 130 papers on “Interfacial properties of composite materials and NDE”. He has been Co-Editors-in-Chief of Advanced Composite Materials and Adjunct Professor in Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Utah since 2004. He is currently President of Korea Society of Composite Materials (KSCM) and Vice President of Korea Society of Adhesion and Interface (KSAI).

Email: jmpark@gnu.ac.kr