Diabetes and periodontitis - The unrevealed facts
28th Annual American Dentistry Congress
March 20-22, 2017 Orlando, USA

Harpreet Kaur

Smile Architects Multi-Speciality Centre, India

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Oral Health Dent Manag

Abstract:

Diabetes mellitus and periodontitis are the most prevalent diseases among adults and older individuals worldwide. The correlation between these two diseases has also been well established. However, the awareness among diabetics for their increased risk of periodontitis is still lacking. The aim of present study was to evaluate the awareness of the strong association between type 2 diabetes mellitus and periodontitis among patients with diabetes mellitus. A cross-sectional study was carried out by filling out the self-designed questionnaires by the researcher. The participants were diabetic individuals and all were registered as diabetics at Diabetic Clinic and Research Center in Amritsar, Punjab (India). The study sample included total 50 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. All the collected data was coded and tabulated. The analysis was done using software SPSS 16.0 Version. P<0.05 was used as statistically significant value. Correlation among different variables was also calculated. Although the majority of participants (76%) got information regarding diabetes from their health care providers but only few (16%) had received the information regarding association between diabetes and periodontitis from their physicians (P<0.05). Also, the awareness level was related to the educational status of patients, as, patients with higher level of education were more aware of the association between diabetes and periodontitis (r square=0.138) and P=0.004 and this correlation was significant at 0.01 level. The data shows that diabetic individuals are not aware of having increased risk for periodontitis. Also, the diabetic patients are not being informed by their physicians regarding their higher risk of developing dental problems as compared to non-diabetic individuals.

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