Mugla Fish Farmers Association, Turkey
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Aquac Res Development
Turkey has great potential for fish farming with its seas, dams and natural lakes with a total water surface area of 26 million ha and with rivers having a total length of 177,714 km. Fish farming in Turkey is started with rainbow trout culture in the early 1970s. Sea bass and sea bream farming started in 1985 in the Aegean Sea. Today, aquaculture plays an increasingly important role in the production of fisheries products. In 2000 its share of total fisheries production was around 14% by volume and 28% by value, in 2015; aquaculture contributed around 36% by volume and 67% by value. Total fisheries production in 2015 was 672,241 tons and contribution of aquaculture was 240,334 tons in total fisheries production. According to the Turkish Statistical Institute, aquaculture was fastest growing sector in the past four years in Turkey. There are 2.377 fish farms in 2015 with total capacity of 479,280 tons in Turkey. During the 1980s, first sea farms were using traditional small size wooden cages in protected shallow bays. After 2000, they started to use different type of inshore cages until 2008. Turkish Government has developed a National Mariculture Development Plan to minimize conflicts and provide blue growth fish farming for the future of the marine aquaculture sector in 2009 and ICZM models are being developed and implemented with consensus of all related institutions and stakeholders in 2008 and inshore marine farms were moved to new allocated offshore zones in 2009. Although it is very young, there has been a very important improvement in aquaculture sector. In 2002-2015, the increase in aquaculture production was 288%. Aquaculture was recorded fastest growing sector in Turkey in the past four years. Turkey has occupied first place in trout and sea bass production, second place in sea bream among European countries. Turkey now has a 25% share of the European sea bream and sea bass market. Approximately 25.000 people are employed in the sector. Latest developments in the aquaculture sector placed Turkey in an important position both in the Mediterranean basin and among the European countries.