Analysis of direct costing of odontogenic infections in a level I and II hospital
28th Annual American Dentistry Congress
March 20-22, 2017 Orlando, USA

Olga Patricia Ramirez Rodriguez

Antonio Nariño University, Colombia

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Oral Health Dent Manag

Abstract:

The costing of treatment for orofacial infections originated in infectious dental processes is increased once spread, to form abscess and cellulitis; especially in patients belonging to the low income socioeconomic status, as stated in literature reports. These costing can be decreased only if the professional in charge focuses on the treatment to determine the severity the infection and the assessment of the hostâ??s immune system status in order to avoid complications that might lead to intrahospital treatment. Therefore, a descriptive retrospective analytic study was performed in 303 clinical records from patients with diagnosis related to orofacial infection of dental origin (IOFOD), with the purpose to estimate the cost for the intrahospital treatment in a level I and II institutions in the city of Armenia- Quindío, Colombia in 2013. This study does not discriminate between age and gender. The sample was 192 patients corresponding to the total of registered patients in the data base with diagnosis criteria related to IOFOD, in which the clinical records followed the inclusion criteria for outpatient consultation and/or emergency consultation. The cost analysis was concentrated on 21.28% of cases that required intrahospital treatment. The most frequent diagnosis was: Abscess with and without fistula and cellulitis costing a total of $31.413.536, 64 COP to the health system (subsidiary regime). The cost overrun was 81.57% equivalent to $ 25.624.131, 06 COP due to complications that could have been avoided in the dental out-patient screening and the primary prevention programs.

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