Case Report - (2015) Volume 0, Issue 0

Democratization and the Military in Nigeria: A Case for an Enduring Civil- Military Relations in the Fourth Republic and Beyond

Osabiya Babatunde*
School of Management Sciences, National Open University of Nigeria, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Osabiya Babatunde, School of Management Sciences, National Open University of Nigeria, 14/16 Ahmadu Bello Way, Victoria-Island, Lagos, Nigeria, Tel: +2348033869291 Email:


This paper examines the military and democracy within the context of Nigeria’s historical and socio political reality. Nigeria’s inability to foster a sustainable democratic tradition has negative consequences for the country. The quest for democracy and therefore development in Nigeria has been hindered by the disruptive influences of militarism. The military’s love for power stems partially from a love for wealth and partly from its self-image as the custodian of the independent and corporate existence of the country. If the democratic tradition is to be sustained in Nigeria, constitutional as well as policy measures should be adopted to tackle the issue of militarism.

Keywords: Military intervention in Africa politics; Democracy; Democratization and military in Nigeria; Enhancing an enduring civil — Military relations fourth republic and beyond


The military foundation of most societies would be difficult to dispute. History books are often filled with people illustration of invasions and conquest of weak communities by powerful forces. The military as an institution existed even in pre-colonial times especially in those ancient kingdom of all such as the Benin Empire, the Oyo Kingdom, Dahomey Kingdom, Borno Empire, etc.

At this time, the military was primarily assigned the responsibility of defending the territorial integrity of these sates. Although, they were regularly consulted even on political matters, they had no direct control over the affairs of state. Essentially, they remained subordinated to the political authorities [1].

Even in ancient Rome, the military was not known to directly involved in governance until the point in time when the Roman Army “went beyond. Its brief to takeover power from the Roman senate and henceforth chose who the Emperor was going to be.

This abbreviation became known as PRAETORIANISM i.e. the direct intervention of the military in politics. Consequently, the military that was initially regarded as the protector of the Emperor or the praetorian guards suddenly took over power. From this moment onward military praetorians became associated with the overthrow of legitimate ‘and elected government [2].

Although, the military institution is an important institution in the society that could assist in the maintenance of stability through protection of the territorial integrity of the state concerned. The unusual happens when this institution chooses to abandon its traditional responsibility and then decides to embrace the option of taking over the state power. The issue therefore, is how we keep the military permanently in the barracks in order for it to perform its traditional role as well as disengage them from politics

This paper is structured into five parts. In section two, the conceptual clarification of the terms used in the write up was elucidated, Military intervention in politics was brought to light in Africa with particularly focus on Nigeria, the concept of democracy, democratization [3] and the military are critically examined and the fourth section deals with the imperative of enhancing,, an enduring and lasting civil — military relation in the fourth Republic and beyond. The conclusion is contained in the Fifth section.

Citation: Babatunde O (2015) Democratization and the Military in Nigeria: A Case for an Enduring Civil-Military Relations in the Fourth Republic and Beyond. Review Pub Administration Manag 3:155.

Copyright: ©2015 Babatunde O. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.