Intergerational Family Relations: A Systematic National Literature Review

Maria Luísa Aguiar Morais*, Ricardo Bezerra Félix Gomes and Ubiracelma Carneiro da Cunha

Introduction: The increase of populational aging brings to light new family configurations, such as, for example, multi-generational homes which are homes composed of three or more generations living together in the same house. Thus, the importance of studies in this area is pointed out, once that this configuration has important aspects for being considered about caring for the elderly and their families.

Objective: The general objective of this study was to analyze the national literature panorama on intergenerational relationships within the family between 2009 and 2021. Method: This treats about an exploratory research, in which a systematic literature review was carried out. The databases used were: Google Scholar, Ibict Oasis BR, Lilacs, and Scielo. Descriptors were used for the search strategy, previously selected in DeCs. It was possible to realize that the most frequent reason for the formation of multigenerational homes was economic issues, divorces, and separations. Regarding the family members, the second generation was mostly female, and the third generation consisted from baby grandchildren to young adult grandchildren. The predominant difficulties found in co-residence were issues of differences in values and beliefs. And the most pointed benefits were the financial and emotional support.

Conclusion: It is observed that the exchange of experiences and affections could be a consequence of co-residence, favoring mutual learning. And, despite the conflicts that exist in these homes, it is possible that there is the exercise of respect for the choices of each one aiming at the search for a harmonious coexistence. The need for further studies in this area is emphasized since there was a scarcity of literature on the subject in Brazil.

Published Date: 2021-11-24; Received Date: 2021-11-03