20+ Million Readerbase
Indexed In
  • Open J Gate
  • RefSeek
  • Hamdard University
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • Publons
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research
  • Euro Pub
  • Google Scholar
Share This Page
Recommended Webinars & Conferences

4th International Conference on Microbiology

Tokyo, Japan


Antibiotic-producing soil streptomycetes in Jordan and UAE serving as groundwork for pharmaceutical industry

Ismail Saadoun

Microbial infections have been recognized as an important problem due to the emergence of resistant strains to multiple antibiotics. Therefore, there remains a need to find new antibiotics with a broad spectrum of activity. One of these approaches is to expand the screening activity of the genus Streptomyces as it harbors great numbers of antibiotic producers. Several studies on the isolation, characterization and genotyping of soil streptomycetes of Jordan and UAE have already been conducted and the in vitro activity of the recovered isolates has been explored towards several multi-resistant pathogens. The optimal production conditions for the active substances by the most active Streptomyces strains as well as their extraction and purification were also investigated. Whole genome sequencing using illumina was performed on the strains isolated from the UAE region. Investigations revealed the identification of an antibiotic-producing Streptomyces strains to inhibit all tested organisms with the observation of different Rf values and UV absorption spectra of the active substances from some tested drugs. No low molecular weight plasmids were detected in these strains suggesting that their antibiotic production is likely chromosomally encoded DNA. PCR amplification of a genus-specific sequence in the Streptomyces’ 16S rDNA gene allowed the rapid and direct detection of streptomycin-producing Streptomyces species from soil. Whole genome sequencing showed that strains shared distinct, but related, phyletic lines with other Streptomyces species. AntiSMASH analysis identified many biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) with antimicrobial properties. The fact that these Streptomyces strains showed antibiotic activity towards all the tested pathogens were recovered from dried underexplored habitats in Jordan and UAE with harsh environmental conditions may support the idea of producing novel antibiotics under such conditions. All laboratory screenings for Streptomyces-producing antibiotics would serve as groundwork for the bio-industry.

Published Date: 2020-10-10;