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The formation and occurrence of the giant upper Paleozoic unconventional gas fields in Ordos basin, China
5th World Congress on Petrochemistry and Chemical Engineering
December 05-07, 2016 Phoenix, USA

Zhang Jinliang, Jiaqi Guo and Chunyan Wang

Beijing Normal University, China

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Pet Environ Biotechnol


The Ordos basin is the second largest sedimentary basin in China, with Paleozoic strata deep basin gas accumulations, has become a typical unconventional gas research hotspot. Along with the important distinguishing characteristics include abnormal pressures, low-permeability reservoirs, and a general absence of gas water inversion. The west part of the Ordos basin is deep depression area, and became structural slope towards north, east and south of the basin from late Triassic to now. The fluvial and deltaic deposits constitute the dominant reservoirs, include the Taiyuan, Shanxi and Xiashihezi formations of the lower permian sequence with the properties of regionally pervasive, low porosity (<10%) and low permeability (<1 mD, in-situ). The physical properties ascending from south to north accompanied the gas in the down dip reservoir transit to the gas-water and water layer. The deep basin gas was sourced from humic, type III kerogen contained in coal beds and carbonaceous shales in several coal-bearing intervals. The source rocks with high maturity combined with reservoir rocks throughout the whole region provide a prerequisite for the unconventional gas accumulation. The gas migration distances in the accumulations are short, the gas generated in adjacent source rocks moved vertically into the sand layers and slowly mi-grated up dip. The process lasted from late Triassic to late Cretaceous. The areas within the deep basin gas systems of enhanced reservoir quality (sweet spots) may be stratigraphic in nature and they most likely occur near the upper boundary of the deep basin gas systems. This study examined the stable carbon isotope data collected from the giant gas fields in the Ordos basin. The basic geology and geochemistry of various organic rich sediment units were characterized in order to determine the likely gas-source rela-tionships.