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Dental and mandibular radio-density variations in children with autism spectrum disorders
23rd Global Dentists and Pediatric Dentistry Annual Meeting
July 17-18, 2017 Munich, Germany

Ghada A El Baz and Gihan G El Desouky

Suez Canal University, Egypt

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Dentistry


Background & Aim: Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) pose the greatest challenge for pediatric dentists due to their complex and varied oral and dental manifestations. The present study was designed to compare the degree of dental root development of permanent teeth and the mandibular radio-density of a group of children with ASDs with those of healthy children. Materials & Methods: Thirty children (6-8 years) were included in this study, 15 of the children had been previously diagnosed with ASDs (autistic group B) while the other 15 were healthy children (control group A). Digital panoramic radiographs for all children were obtained for bilateral measurement of the root length and the apical width of the lower permanent first molars and central incisors. In addition, the radio-density of the mandibular bone at the symphysis and the angle regions was evaluated. Results: Group B showed statistically significant shorter mean root length values than group A for the first permanent molars. While for apical root width; group B showed statistically significant wider mean apical width values than group A for both permanent central incisors and first permanent molars. Regarding the mandibular radio-density, the autistic group B showed statistically significant lower mean values than the control group A at both, angle of the mandible and symphyseal areas. Conclusion: Children with ASDs experience significant delayed dental development and lower mandibular bone radio-density compared to healthy children.

Biography :

Ghada A El Baz has completed her PhD and Post-doctoral studies from the Faculty of Dentistry, Suez Canal University. She is an Assistant Professor of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry at Suez Canal University. She has published around 20 papers in national and international journals.

Email: Dr.G.Baz@live.co.uk