Awards Nomination 20+ Million Readerbase
Indexed In
  • Academic Journals Database
  • Open J Gate
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • JournalTOCs
  • China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)
  • Scimago
  • Ulrich's Periodicals Directory
  • RefSeek
  • Hamdard University
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • Publons
  • MIAR
  • University Grants Commission
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research
  • Euro Pub
  • Google Scholar
Share This Page
BHV-1 gG and tk deletion decreased viral virulence, provided protection, and improved IFN-β production
International Conference & Exhibition on Vaccines & Vaccination
22-24 Nov 2011 Philadelphia Airport Marriott, USA

Guo Aizhen

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Vaccines Vaccin


To provide a better vaccine against infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, a BHV-1 mutant was constructed by deleting the immunosuppression gene gG and virulent gene tk. Th e homologous arms of both gene, with (forward selection) or without (reverse selection) gfp gene were cloned into pcDNA3.1(+) myc-HisB for gG gene and pBluescript II SK (+) for tk gene. Th e viral genome, as well as target gene fragments cut from the recombinant plasmids, co- infected MDBK cells. By forward and reverse screening of Green fl uorescence, PCR detection, sequencing, and Western blot assay of gG expression, BHV-1 gG-/tk- mutant was demonstrated to be obtained. Th irty one calves were tested in parallel with this BHV-1 gG-/tk- mutant, gE-/ tk- mutant and wild type (wt) BHV-1. Compared to wtBHV-1, BHV-1 gG-/tk- and gE-/tk- inoculation with three doses (4�105 PFU, 4�106 PFU and 4�107 PFU) did not produce any clinical signs and could not be reactivated by dexamethasone (dex). Both mutants provided full protection clinically for the cattle against wtBHV-1 challenge. Although the mutants induced signifi cant lower levels of serum neutralization antibody, IFN-γ and TNF-α than wtBHV-1 on the days 3, 5, 7 aft er immunization, the transcription and expression of IFN-  of BHV-1 gG-/ tk- was signifi cantly higher than those of wtBHV-1 in vitro and in vivo. With regard to the protection, gG-/tk- mutant was superior than gE-/tk- mutant. In conclusion, BHV-1 gG-/tk- is suffi ciently attenuated and would be a promising marker vaccine candidate for IBR, and the mechanism of protection relates to IFN- 

Biography :

Guo Aizhen, born on Oct. 4,1965, has completed his Ph.D at the age of 33 years from Nanjing Agricultural University, China and postdoctoral studies from University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, USA. She is the director of Disease Control Laboratory, National Beef Cattle Industrial Technology System, China. She has published more than 140 papers in reputed journals, among them, 27 research articles published in international journals and others in Chinese journals. She developed several diagnostic methods and kits and novel vaccines for cattle disease control. The main pathogens studied are Mycobacterium bovis, salmonella, Mycoplasma bovis, Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis Virus.