Short Communication - (2023) Volume 22, Issue 2

Oral irrigation Techniques: Development and Classification
Ruth Allen*
Department of Conservative Dentistry with Endodontics, Medical University of Silesia, Bytom, Poland
*Correspondence: Ruth Allen, Department of Conservative Dentistry with Endodontics, Medical University of Silesia, Bytom, Poland, Email:

Received: 23-Feb-2023, Manuscript No. OHDM-23-20818; Editor assigned: 27-Feb-2023, Pre QC No. OHDM-23-20818(PQ); Reviewed: 13-Mar-2023, QC No. OHDM-23-20818; Revised: 20-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. OHDM-23-20818(R); Published: 28-Mar-2023, DOI: 10.35248/2247-2452.23.22.1054


Oral irrigation, also known as dental water flossing or water jetting, is a dental hygiene technique that involves using a device to flush out food debris and bacteria from the mouth using a stream of water [1]. This practice has become increasingly popular in recent years as people become more aware of the importance of oral hygiene and the role it plays in overall health [2]. The concept of oral irrigation has been around for many years, with evidence suggesting that the ancient Egyptians used rudimentary forms of dental irrigation to clean their teeth. In modern times, the first oral irrigator was developed in the 1960s and was marketed as an alternative to traditional flossing. Since then, oral irrigators have evolved to become more advanced and user-friendly, and are now widely available for home use. Oral irrigation devices typically consist of a handheld unit with a water reservoir and a nozzle that directs a stream of water into the mouth [3-6]. Some models also come with additional features, such as adjustable pressure settings, interchangeable nozzles, and specialized tips for cleaning braces or dental implants. The water used in oral irrigation devices can be plain or mixed with mouthwash or other oral care products for additional benefits. One of the main benefits of oral irrigation is its ability to remove food particles and debris from hard-to-reach areas of the mouth, such as between teeth and along the gum line. Traditional flossing can be difficult and time-consuming, especially for people with braces or other dental appliances. [7] Oral irrigation, on the other hand, can quickly and effectively flush out debris without causing pain or discomfort. In addition to removing debris, oral irrigation can also help to reduce plaque and gingivitis. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth and can lead to cavities and gum disease if left untreated. Gingivitis is an early form of gum disease that causes inflammation and bleeding of the gums. Studies have shown that using an oral irrigator in conjunction with regular brushing and flossing can significantly reduce plaque and gingivitis, leading to improved oral health. Another benefit of oral irrigation is its ability to improve bad breath. Bad breath, or halitosis, is often caused by bacteria that accumulate on the tongue and in the pockets between teeth and gums. Oral irrigation can help to dislodge these bacteria and flush them away, leading to fresher breath and a healthier mouth [8-10]. While oral irrigation can be an effective tool for improving oral health, it is important to note that it should not be used as a substitute for regular brushing and flossing. These practices are still essential for removing plaque and bacteria from the teeth and maintaining good oral hygiene. Oral irrigation should be used as a supplementary tool to help improve oral health and hygiene. When using an oral irrigator, it is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions and use the device correctly. Improper use can cause damage to the teeth and gums, and can even lead to infection if the water used is not clean or if the device is not cleaned properly after use. It is also important to choose an oral irrigator that is appropriate for your needs and budget. Higher-end models may offer more features and functionality, but may also be more expensive. Overall, oral irrigation is a valuable tool for maintaining good oral health and hygiene. It can help to remove food particles and debris from hard-to-reach areas of the mouth, reduces plaque and gingivitis, and improves bad breath. When used correctly and in conjunction with regular brushing and flossing, oral irrigation can be an effective way to keep your teeth and gums healthy and clean.