Commentary Article - (2022) Volume 6, Issue 5

Applications and Effects of Anesthesia
John Oliver*
Department of Science, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
*Correspondence: John Oliver, Department of Science, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria, Email:

Received: 09-Aug-2022, Manuscript No. JCMS-22-18555; Editor assigned: 12-Aug-2022, Pre QC No. JCMS-22-18555(PQ); Reviewed: 29-Aug-2022, QC No. JCMS-22-18555; Revised: 05-Sep-2022, Manuscript No. JCMS-22-18555(R); Published: 12-Sep-2022, DOI: 10.35248/2593-9947.22.6.200


Anesthesia, which is characterized by a temporary loss of consciousness, analgesia, amnesia, and muscle relaxation, is the focus of the medical specialty of anesthesiology. Some anesthetic numbs a tiny portion of the body. General anesthesia puts a person asleep as they undergo invasive surgery. They have the expertise to comprehend and care for the full human body in addition to specializing in anesthetic care, pain management, and critical care medicine.

Anesthesiologists study for 12 to 14 years. For more involved and invasive operations, a medical anesthesiologist will administer patient anesthetic. Before, during, and after surgery, this doctor will manage patient pain. Also on one’s anesthetic team could be medical students, a Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA), or a Certified Anesthesiologist Assistant in addition to patient physician anesthesiologist (CAA).

What varieties of anaesthesia do anaesthesiologists administer?

Anesthesia general: Major procedures like open heart surgery or knee replacements employ it.

Monitored anesthesia: The degree of sedation may range from light to deep depending on the treatment. Most frequently, this kind of anesthetic is employed for minimally invasive procedures like colonoscopies.

Local anesthetic: When giving birth and undergoing procedures on the arm, leg, or abdomen, this type of anesthetic, including spinal blocks and epidurals, is frequently employed.

Regional anesthetic: Although the patient won't experience any pain, people would be awake and conscious. This is widely used for treatments including the removal of moles, closing very deep wounds, and setting broken bones.

Patient receive surgical care from an anaesthesiologist

Prior to surgery: The anesthesiologist will make sure the patient is fit for surgery and will prepare for the procedure by thoroughly investigating the patient's health, physically examining us, and analysis test findings. As certain that the anesthesiologist is aware of any medical conditions the patient may have, such as heart disease, diabetes, or asthma, as well as the prescription drugs the patient is taking and any previous problems that patient may have experienced with anesthesia.

During surgery: Throughout the procedure, the anesthesiologist closely monitors the patient's vital bodily functions, anesthesia, and pain levels. The anesthesiologist will handle any ongoing medical conditions patients have, such as asthma, diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart conditions, as well as any problems that develop during surgery.

After surgery: Whether a patient is ready to leave the hospital in a regular room, the intensive care unit, or when the patient will recover from the effects of anesthesia is typically determined by the anesthesiologist. The anesthesiologist also plans the patient's recovery course.

Prepare for the anaesthetics

• Unless otherwise instructed, wait eight hours before eating or drinking before visiting the hospital.

• To protect the heart and lungs, stop smoking even for just one day before the treatement. The best results are observed two weeks prior to quitting smoking.

• Stop taking herbal supplements one to two weeks before the procedure and obey provider's recommendations.

• The patient should take blood pressure medications as prescribed by their doctor, along with glass of water.

Anesthesiologists who treat persistent discomfort: Anesthesiologists focus their expertise on treating patients with chronic pain, including back pain, migraine headaches, and pain brought on by a disorder like fibromyalgia.

Anesthetic state: Induced by the injection or gaseous administration of substances prior to surgery or other medical treatments.


1. Analgesia is the alleviation or reduction of pain.

2. Amnesia is the inability to remember or be aware of pain or experiences.

3. Hypnosis is a state of momentary unconsciousness or lack of worry.

4. Sufficient muscle relaxation causes paralysis.

Citation: Oliver J (2022) Applications and Effects of Anesthesia. J Clin Med. 6:200

Copyright: © 2022 Oliver J. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.