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The Effect of Aerobic and Anaerobic Composting of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Generated on Agriculture

Elina Heydarpour* and Ali Mohammadi Farhangi

The expansive sums of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) produced in modern society, as well as its transfer, represent a serious environmental, social and financial issue. Among the techniques of disposal characterized by a low environmental affect, composting of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste is an environmentally, economically and agricultural interesting solution. The main objective of this research was to study the physical and chemical properties of compost made of MSW. In this article, comparisons between aerobic and anaerobic composting processes have been discussed. As well as, results showed that utilization of aerobic and anaerobic composting of municipal solid waste caused significant differences in a few of chemical and physical properties. The results of this research appear that application of aerobic composting method in carbon sequestration, chemical, physical and biological properties are effective. In addition, it ought to be famous that the impact of the parameters tested in this paper on sustainable agriculture in aerobic compost compared to anaerobic compost was significantly different. Finally, it can be concluded that organic matter has pronounced effects on the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil and the use of organic fertilizers will definitely improve soil quality and productivity. It’s safe use aerobic and anaerobic composting of municipal solid waste in agriculture can be ensured with source separation as well as the development and implementation of comprehensive industry standards.

Published Date: 2022-10-10; Received Date: 2022-09-02