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Review of Clean Development Mechanism and use of Bundled Projects in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises

Mayuri Naik, Anju Singh, Seema Unnikrishnan, Neelima Naik and Indrayani Nimkar

Carbon finance through the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) offers significant opportunity to a developing country like India for an array of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction projects. However, the transaction cost associated with the development of CDM project is a serious barrier to many small scale CDM (SSC) projects due to which these proponents face many difficulties in attracting international investors. To reduce this transaction cost, individual small projects with similar project context can be bundled together to form a single CDM project. These SSC bundled projects that reduce GHG emissions can claim Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) under the concept of bundling. This paper presents 98 bundled CDM projects registered and issued worldwide till October 2014, out of which India has 29 projects, along with a case study on small scale hydro-electric power generation project. The visited project is a good example of clean technology that helps to reduce stress on conventional energy sources and is an improvement of social and economic life of local people. Energy efficiency, grid connected electricity generation, fossil fuels switching, thermal energy production and methane recovery are some of the methodologies in these types of projects. These methodologies reduce GHG emissions without harming the environment.