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Mini Review - (2017) Volume 5, Issue 3

The Prevalence of, Hypertension and Diabetes in Ogugu, Ogbagebe and Ofabo, Ofu and Olamaboro Lga, Kogi State, Nigeria: A Report

Aisha Ojone Abu*
New African Chapter, Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Aisha Ojone Abu, Country Director, New African Chapter, Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria, Tel: 2348071299200 Email:


Urinalysis, Malaria Parasite test, blood pressure checks and body mass index was calculated for the people of Ogugu, Ogbegebe and Ofabo Communities, diagnoses made and drugs administered. 356 Persons benefited from this scheme out of which 25 (7.02%) were children and 331 (92.97%) adults. 95 suffered from high blood pressure (26.69%) with the highest being 250/120 mmhg, 11 were diabetic (3.09%).

Keywords: Hypertension, The economic transition, Blood pressure, Cardiovascular disease, Diabetes


The prevalence of hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increasing in the developing countries and this may be connected with the economic transition in those countries [1]. High blood pressure causes one in every eight deaths worldwide [2]. About one billion adults, the world over, had hypertension in the year 2000, and the number is expected to rise to 1.56 billion in 2015 [3]. According to a report to show the blood pressure pattern in Kogi State, it was observed that there was a high prevalence rate of hypertension amongst adults, hence, there is an urgent need to address the issue, this is why the BP screening was conducted to identify cases and treat accordingly [1-3].

Urinalysis, malaria test, blood pressure checks was conducted to reveal cases of malaria, high blood pressure, diabetes and treat them accordingly to reduce their prevalence in the afore-mentioned communities. Ogugu Community has a population of 180,000 according to the 2006 census. Below is the population of Kogi State according to each Local Government Area (Table 1).

Name Status Population Population Population
Census Census Projection
26-11-1991 21-03-2006 21-03-2011
Kogi State 21,47,756 33,14,043 38,50,400
Adavi Local Government Area 1,57,092 2,17,219 2,52,370
Ajaokuta Local Government Area 97,904 1,22,432 1,42,250
Ankpa Local Government Area ... 2,66,176 3,09,250
Bassa Local Government Area 88,496 1,39,687 1,62,290
Dekina Local Government Area 1,77,513 2,60,968 3,03,200
Ibaji Local Government Area ... 1,27,572 1,48,220
Idah Local Government Area ... 79,755 92,660
Igalamela-Odolu Local Government Area ... 1,47,048 1,70,850
Ijumu Local Government Area 66,603 1,18,593 1,37,790
Kabba/Bunu Local Government Area ... 1,44,579 1,67,980
Kogi Local Government Area 82,483 1,15,100 1,33,730
Lokoja Local Government Area ... 1,96,643 2,28,470
Mopa-Muro Local Government Area ... 43,760 50,840
Ofu Local Government Area 1,08,095 1,91,480 2,22,470
Ogori/Magongo Local Government Area ... 39,807 46,250
Okehi Local Government Area 1,46,264 2,23,574 2,59,760
Okene Local Government Area ... 3,25,623 3,78,320
Olamaboro Local Government Area 1,04,705 1,58,490 1,84,140
Omala Local Government Area ... 1,07,968 1,25,440
Yagba East Local Government Area 88,780 1,47,641 1,71,530
Yagba West Local Government Area 76,936 1,39,928 1,62,570
Nigeria Federal Republic 8,89,92,220 140,431,790 164,728,600

Table 1: The population of kogi state according to each local government area.


A total of 356 persons from 3 places of domicile were studied. Rapid diagnostic test kit was used to test for malaria (Figure 1). Urine dipsticks used for urinalysis. Manual and electronic BP apparatus used to check blood pressure. Beneficiaries moved from the Microbiological bench to the doctor’s bench for diagnoses. Children were dewormed with Albendazole, cases of malaria, high blood pressure and diabetes were treated with ACT, Anti-hypertensive and Glucophage respectively.


Figure 1: Diagnostic test kit was used to test for malaria.


356 Persons benefited from this scheme out of which 25 (7.02%) were children and 331 (92.97%) adults. 95 suffered from high blood pressure (26.69%) with the highest being 250/120 mmhg, 11 were diabetic (3.09%). 43 (12.07) had malaria.118 Persons benefited in Ogugu Community out of which 38 are hypertensive, 3 diabetic and 15 had malaria. 98 Persons benefited in Ogbadebe Community out of which 22 had high blood pressure, 2 diabetic and 9 had malaria. 140 Persons benefited in Ofabo Community out of which 35 were hypertension ,6 diabetic and 7 had malaria (Figures 2 and 3; Table 2).


Figure 2: A graphical presentation of the prevalence of diseases in Ogbonicha, Aloma, Ogbulu and Iboko communities.


Figure 3: Provide medical care.

S/N Community Disease/Infection Total beneficiary Number of Persons diagnosed Prevalence rate
1 Ogugu Hypertension 118 38 7358484e+36
    Malaria 118 3 4716.981
    Diabetes 118 15 56603.774
2 Ogbadebe Hypertension 98 22 8343949e+52
    Malaria 98 2 38216.561
    Diabetes 98 9  
3 Ofabo Hypertension 140 35 09090909100
    Malaria 140 6 4.545
    Diabetes 140 7 0

Table 2: A table to show the prevalence of diseases in Ogbonicha, Aloma, Ogbulu and Ibokocommunies.


It was observed that the reason for the low prevalence of malaria is due to the fact that there are little Mosquitoes this time of the year. There was a high prevalence of high blood pressure which is related to the hardship in the State.

It is important to provide medical care, or deploy medical personnel to the communities to checkmate the spread of preventable diseases to improve the general wellbeing of the people.


  1. Ejike CE, Ugwu CE, Ezeanyika LUS, Olayemi AT (2008) Blood pressure patterns in relation to geographic area of residence: a cross-sectional study of adolescents in Kogi state, Nigeria. BMC Public Health.8: 411-421.
  2. World Health Organization (2002) The World Health Report 2002; Reducing risk, promoting healthy. Geneva, Switzerland.
  3. Kearney PM, Whelton M, Reynolds K, Muntner P, Whelton PK, et al. (2005) Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwide data. Lancet 365: 217-223.
Citation: Abu AO (2017) The Prevalence of, Hypertension and Diabetes in Ogugu, Ogbagebe and Ofabo, Ofu and Olamaboro Lga, Kogi State, Nigeria: A Report. J Vasc Med Surg 5: 313.

Copyright: © 2017 Abu AO. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.