Mini Review - (2017) Volume 5, Issue 3
Urinalysis, Malaria Parasite test, blood pressure checks and body mass index was calculated for the people of Ogugu, Ogbegebe and Ofabo Communities, diagnoses made and drugs administered. 356 Persons benefited from this scheme out of which 25 (7.02%) were children and 331 (92.97%) adults. 95 suffered from high blood pressure (26.69%) with the highest being 250/120 mmhg, 11 were diabetic (3.09%).
Keywords: Hypertension, The economic transition, Blood pressure, Cardiovascular disease, Diabetes
The prevalence of hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increasing in the developing countries and this may be connected with the economic transition in those countries . High blood pressure causes one in every eight deaths worldwide . About one billion adults, the world over, had hypertension in the year 2000, and the number is expected to rise to 1.56 billion in 2015 . According to a report to show the blood pressure pattern in Kogi State, it was observed that there was a high prevalence rate of hypertension amongst adults, hence, there is an urgent need to address the issue, this is why the BP screening was conducted to identify cases and treat accordingly [1-3].
Urinalysis, malaria test, blood pressure checks was conducted to reveal cases of malaria, high blood pressure, diabetes and treat them accordingly to reduce their prevalence in the afore-mentioned communities. Ogugu Community has a population of 180,000 according to the 2006 census. Below is the population of Kogi State according to each Local Government Area (Table 1).
|Adavi||Local Government Area||1,57,092||2,17,219||2,52,370|
|Ajaokuta||Local Government Area||97,904||1,22,432||1,42,250|
|Ankpa||Local Government Area||...||2,66,176||3,09,250|
|Bassa||Local Government Area||88,496||1,39,687||1,62,290|
|Dekina||Local Government Area||1,77,513||2,60,968||3,03,200|
|Ibaji||Local Government Area||...||1,27,572||1,48,220|
|Idah||Local Government Area||...||79,755||92,660|
|Igalamela-Odolu||Local Government Area||...||1,47,048||1,70,850|
|Ijumu||Local Government Area||66,603||1,18,593||1,37,790|
|Kabba/Bunu||Local Government Area||...||1,44,579||1,67,980|
|Kogi||Local Government Area||82,483||1,15,100||1,33,730|
|Lokoja||Local Government Area||...||1,96,643||2,28,470|
|Mopa-Muro||Local Government Area||...||43,760||50,840|
|Ofu||Local Government Area||1,08,095||1,91,480||2,22,470|
|Ogori/Magongo||Local Government Area||...||39,807||46,250|
|Okehi||Local Government Area||1,46,264||2,23,574||2,59,760|
|Okene||Local Government Area||...||3,25,623||3,78,320|
|Olamaboro||Local Government Area||1,04,705||1,58,490||1,84,140|
|Omala||Local Government Area||...||1,07,968||1,25,440|
|Yagba East||Local Government Area||88,780||1,47,641||1,71,530|
|Yagba West||Local Government Area||76,936||1,39,928||1,62,570|
Table 1: The population of kogi state according to each local government area.
A total of 356 persons from 3 places of domicile were studied. Rapid diagnostic test kit was used to test for malaria (Figure 1). Urine dipsticks used for urinalysis. Manual and electronic BP apparatus used to check blood pressure. Beneficiaries moved from the Microbiological bench to the doctor’s bench for diagnoses. Children were dewormed with Albendazole, cases of malaria, high blood pressure and diabetes were treated with ACT, Anti-hypertensive and Glucophage respectively.
356 Persons benefited from this scheme out of which 25 (7.02%) were children and 331 (92.97%) adults. 95 suffered from high blood pressure (26.69%) with the highest being 250/120 mmhg, 11 were diabetic (3.09%). 43 (12.07) had malaria.118 Persons benefited in Ogugu Community out of which 38 are hypertensive, 3 diabetic and 15 had malaria. 98 Persons benefited in Ogbadebe Community out of which 22 had high blood pressure, 2 diabetic and 9 had malaria. 140 Persons benefited in Ofabo Community out of which 35 were hypertension ,6 diabetic and 7 had malaria (Figures 2 and 3; Table 2).
|S/N||Community||Disease/Infection||Total beneficiary||Number of Persons diagnosed||Prevalence rate|
Table 2: A table to show the prevalence of diseases in Ogbonicha, Aloma, Ogbulu and Ibokocommunies.
It was observed that the reason for the low prevalence of malaria is due to the fact that there are little Mosquitoes this time of the year. There was a high prevalence of high blood pressure which is related to the hardship in the State.
It is important to provide medical care, or deploy medical personnel to the communities to checkmate the spread of preventable diseases to improve the general wellbeing of the people.