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Short Communication - (2022) Volume 12, Issue 10

The Composition and Transformation of Dissolved Organic Matter
Jeong Keun*
Department of Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea
*Correspondence: Jeong Keun, Department of Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea, Email:

Received: 01-Oct-2022, Manuscript No. JMST-22-18826; Editor assigned: 03-Oct-2022, Pre QC No. JMST-22-18826 (PQ); Reviewed: 17-Oct-2022, QC No. JMST-22-18826; Revised: 24-Oct-2022, Manuscript No. JMST-22-18826 (R); Published: 03-Nov-2022, DOI: 10.35248/2155-9589.22.12.303


Semipermeable membranes are polymeric biological or synthetic membranes that allow certain molecules or ions to pass through osmosis. The frequency of movement is determined by the pressure, concentration, and temperature of the molecules or solutes on both sides of the membrane, as well as the membrane's permeability to each solvent [1]. Permeability may be affected by solute size, solubility, characteristics, or molecular biology depending on the membrane and the organic solvent. The frequency and permeability will be determined by the way the membrane is developed to be selective in its permeability. Several more relatively thin synthetic and natural materials are permeable to water and furthermore. The thin film on the inside of the egg is example of Semipermeable membrane. Molecular passage through biological membranes is controlled by facilitated diffusion, secondary active transport, or electron transport regulated by proteins embedded in the membrane's structure.

Biological membranes

The lipid bilayer, on which the plasma membrane that surrounds all biological cells is an example of a biological semi-permeable membrane. The phospholipid bilayer is a semipermeable membrane with very specialized permeability that is composed of a group of phospholipids consisting of a phosphate head and two lipid tails organized into a double layer. The hydrophilic phosphate components are exposed to the water content both outside and inside the cell [2]. The hydrophobic tails are the layer that is protected inside the membrane. The phospholipid bilayer is most permeable to thin, uncharged substances. Protein channels are embedded through phospholipids, and this method is referred to as the fluid mosaic model. Aquaporin’s are waterpermeable protein channel pores.

Reverse osmosis

Electro Osmotic pressure is the high volume flow of water through through a selectively permeable membrane caused by an osmotic pressure difference. This allows only certain particles to pass through, including water, while removing solutes such as salt and other contaminants [3]. Water is purified by using reverse osmosis membrane by applying high pressure to a solution and requiring it through a Thin-Film Composite Membrane (TFC or TFM). These semipermeable membranes are specifically designed to be used in water purification and desalination systems.

They are also used in chemical production such as fuel cells and batteries. A Thin-Film Composite (TFC) material is essentially a molecular filtration established as a film from two or more layered materials. The first practical synthetic semi-permeable membrane was developed by Sidney Loeb and Srinivasa Sourirajan [4]. Membranes used in reverse osmosis are generally made up of polymeric material, which was recognized for its water permeability and relative impermeability to various dissolved impurities such as salt ions and other small molecules that can't be filtered. Osmosis is another example of a semipermeable membrane.

Examples of Semipermeable Membrane

Artificial membranes and tonicity

In the laboratory, artificial membranes have been used to demonstrate the fundamental concepts of osmolality’s effects on cells. A semipermeable membrane produced artificially, such as cell membranes, can only allow water to pass while reducing the solutes dissolved in the solution. Water will flow between two solutions connected by a semipermeable membrane, but the solutes will be limited to the area of the membrane that they began on.

Cell membrane

All organisms' cell membranes, such as the synthetic materials symptoms can cause and behave like a simple semipermeable membrane, allowing water to pass and excluding solute molecules [5]. Cells, on the other hand, occur in a wide range of environments. The water in the ocean is highly concentrated with salts, resulting in a hypertonic environment. The opposite condition exists in aquatic environment, with water intending to groundwater organisms. Terrestrial organisms are approached with an entirely different challenge: A complete lack of water. While the basic phospholipid bilayer provides to isolate cells from their environment, it is insufficient to compensate for a wide range of environments.


When recognizing molecules attach to receptors on the cell membrane, information can also pass through the plasma membrane. The signaling molecules are bound to the receptor proteins, usually causes the structure of these proteins to transform. A protein structure evolution induces a signal transduction. G protein-coupled receptor mechanism is a critical component of these cellular procedures.


Citation: Keun J (2022) Composition and Transformation of Dissolved Organic Matter. J Membr Sci Techno. 12:303.

Copyright: © 2022 Keun J. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.