Short Communication - (2022) Volume 11, Issue 4

An Overview of Antisocial Personality Disorder-Causes, Symptoms, Differential Diagnosis and Its Treatment
Laura Drislane*
Department of Psychology and Philosophy, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, United States
*Correspondence: Laura Drislane, Department of Psychology and Philosophy, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, United States, Email:

Received: 04-Apr-2022, Manuscript No. JSC-22-16680; Editor assigned: 07-Apr-2022, Pre QC No. JSC-22-16680 (PQ); Reviewed: 22-Apr-2022, QC No. JSC-22-16680 ; Revised: 29-Apr-2022, Manuscript No. JSC-22-16680 (R); Published: 06-May-2022, DOI: 10.35248/ 2167-0358.22.11.117


Antisocial personality disorder, sometimes called sociopathy, is a mental disorder in which one always ignores good and evil and ignores the rights and emotions of others. People with antisocial personality disorders tend to severely or indifferently hostile, manipulate, and treat others. They show no guilt or regret for their actions. People with antisocial personality disorders often violate the law and become criminals. They may lie, behave violently or impulsively, and have problems with drug or alcohol use. Due to these characteristics, people with this disability are usually unable to fulfil their family, work, or school promises [1].

The characteristics of ASPD usually develop in late childhood or early teens. Before the age of 18, the disease was diagnosed with behavioural disorders. Children with behavioural problems can lie, steal, ignore rules, and bully other children. Parents and health care providers may overlook signs of behavioural disorders. Symptoms can overlap with other disorders such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), depression, or oppositional defiant disorder. If the child is diagnosed and treated early, the condition may not persist into adulthood. If the behaviour persists, the diagnosis will be antisocial personality disorder by the age of 18 [2].


• Ignore good and evil

• Persistent lie or deceive to exploit others

• Be cynical and rude to others

Adults with antisocial personality disorder usually show symptoms of conduct disorder before the age of 15. Signs and symptoms of conduct disorder include serious and persistent behavioural problems. Antisocial personality disorder is thought to last a lifetime, but for some people, certain symptoms, especially destructive and criminal behaviour, can diminish over time. However, it is not clear whether this decline is due to aging or increased awareness of the consequences of antisocial behavior [3].

Personality is a combination of thoughts, emotions, and actions that makes everyone unique. It's the way people see, understand, and relate to the outside world, and it's the way they see themselves. Personality is formed in childhood and is shaped by the interaction of inherited tendencies and environmental factors.

Antisocial personality disorder affects men more than women. Experts do not know exactly what causes it, but genetics and other biological factors (especially psychopathies), as they grow up in traumatic or abusive environments (especially social illnesses). It is believed to play a role. Studies have shown that developmental brain defects and damage may also be associated with ASPD.

Many prisoners have ASPDs, probably because people with ASPDs often violate the law. According to the survey, up to 47% of male inmates and 21% of female inmates suffer from this disorder. Children and adolescents with behavioural disorders are more likely to develop ASPD. Behavioural disorders are similar to ASPD, but are diagnosed in adolescents who repeatedly violate social norms and the rights of others [4].

To be diagnosed with ASPD, must show symptoms of the behavioural disorders by the age of 15. However, the diagnosis can only be made at the age of 18. Adults with ASPD often show signs of behavioural disorders in early childhood or early adolescence. Symptoms are usually worst in the late teens to 20s, but may improve spontaneously over time. This disease is difficult to treat. People with ASPD often don't think they need help, so they rarely ask for help on their own.

Individual or group behavioural or psychotherapy may be helpful when treatment is required. Physicians may use certain psychiatric medications, such as mood stabilizers and some atypical (non-adaptive) antipsychotics, to treat symptoms such as impulsive aggression and related disorders. The FDA should does not specifically approve drugs for antisocial personality disorders [5].

There is no sure way to prevent people at risk from developing antisocial personality disorder. Because antisocial behaviour is believed to have roots in childhood, parents, teachers, and paediatricians may be able to identify signs of early warning. It may be helpful to try to identify the one with the highest risk. Children who show signs of behavioural disorders and then provide early intervention. If someone in your area has ASPD, you should consider joining a support group or seeking help from a psychiatrist, social worker, or psychologist. You can't change the behaviour of your loved ones, but you can learn coping skills that help you set boundaries and protect yourself from harm.


Citation: Drislane L (2022) An Overview of Antisocial Personality Disorder-Causes, Symptoms, Differential Diagnosis and Its Treatment. J Socialomics. 11:117.

Copyright: © 2022 Drislane L. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.