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Techniques for Exploitation of Gas Hydrate (Clathrates) an Untapped Resource of Methane Gas

Amit Arora, Swaranjit Singh Cameotra and Chandrajit Balomajumder

Methane gas hydrates is unique source of methane gas in which gas is caught in crystalline ice like structure in permafrost regions and under the sea. The total amount of carbon present in this unique source far exceeds the conventional fossil fuels. This article briefly describes understanding of methane hydrates, their origin, occurrence, energy potential and their exploitation by techniques like depressurization, thermal stimulation, inhibitor injection, co2 sequestration, microwave technology, microwave and fluorine gas technology.