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Review on Post Harvest Diseases and Management Of Mango Fruits

JA Kadam*, Sangeeta B Shimpi, RP Biradar and SV Chate

Botanical name of mango is Mangifera indica L. and is the most important species of the genus Mangifera. The main objective of this study was to find out the most important pre-harvest treatment and management of mango fruit to get the maximum fruit yield with better quality and shelf life of mango. Shelf life is one of the important quality characters for fruit production especially for climacteric fruits which might be affected by various factors. Post-harvest management means the handling of an agricultural product after harvest to prolong storage life, freshness and an attractive appearance. Postharvest diseases of mango include anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, stem-end rot by Lasiodiploidia theobromae, Diplodia stem-end rot by Diplodia natalensis, black mould rot by Aspergillus niger, brown spot by Pestalotiopsis mangiferae and black spot rot by Phomopsis mangiferae. This study aimed at reviewing the management of post-harvest disorders like field burning of crop residues, soil tillage, fertilization, irrigation, weeding, and other horticultural practices used to control or reduce losses from plant disease. Chemical fungicides are the primary means for management of the post-harvest diseases of fruits and vegetables. Benomyl was found more effective against quiescent infections of anthracnose of mango in hot water than cold water.

Published Date: 2022-09-28; Received Date: 2022-08-27