Small scale aquaculture plays an important role in rural poverty elevation. Present study was carried out at Ramgonj Upazila (sub-district) of Bangladesh and aimed to fathom out the story of small scale aquaculture in Bangladesh with its problems, solution and economics. Data were collected from personal interview and participatory observation. Small scale aquaculture in Bangladesh plays a significant role in meeting the homestead fish protein demand and serves as an important livelihood option. Rural people of Bangladesh convert house hold pond to culture farm and faced problem which includes fund, disease, feed crisis, bloom and others. Therefore, government involvement and providing extension service can mitigate these problems.