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Coronary Artery Spasm is a Nightmare: A Rare Case of Multi Vessel Coronary Artery Spasm

Wang JY, Chen H and Su X

Coronary artery spasm is not an uncommon event, but its pathophysiologic mechanisms followed by coronary artery vasospasm are not yet completely clarified. Coronary artery spasm can lead to sudden cardiac death due to ventricular arrhythmias or heart block. In the cases of cardiogenic shock secondly to severe coronary artery spasm, IABP is sufficient to support the patient’s hemodynamics, in the other cases of severe cardiogenic shock or cardiac arrest secondly to severe coronary artery spasm, IABP is not sufficient to support the patient’s hemodynamics and more advanced mechanical circulatory support devices such as veno-arterial ECMO should be performed. This report describes a case of severe multi vessel coronary artery spasm leading to cardiac arrest, cardiogenic shock and cardiac death although using the first-class heart circulation assist device, and illustrates IABP and ECMO support for acute cardiac dysfunction secondary to diffuse multivessel coronary artery spasm was fruitless labour sometimes.