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Abstract

A Critical Review on Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria

Prathap M and Ranjitha Kumari BD

The microorganisms with the aim of improving nutrients availability for plants is an important practice and necessary for agriculture. During the past couple of decades, plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) will begin to replace the use of chemicals in agriculture, horticulture, silviculture, and environmental cleanup strategies. Scientific researches involve multidisciplinary approaches to understand adaptation of PGPR, effects on plant physiology and growth, induced systemic resistance, biocontrol of plant pathogens and biofertilization. This is due to the emerging demand for dependence diminishing of synthetic chemical products, to the growing necessity of sustainable agriculture within a holistic vision of development and to focalize environmental protection. The PGPR are naturally occurring soil bacteria that aggressively colonize plant roots and benefit plants by providing growth promotion. Inoculation of crop plants with certain strains of PGPR at an early stage of development improves biomass production through direct effects on roots and shoots growth. In this review, we have discussed about rhizobacteria which act as PGPR, mechanisms and the desirable properties exhibited by them.